Adlerian Therapy – NotesBy Steve
Instead of Freud’s sexual repression theory, Adler proposed that neurosis was caused by a person trying to avoid those required tasks in life that may result in failing.
Adler: We are born with certain building blocks. What we do with those blocks is what determines what we become.
Adler was politically and socially oriented. He believed in the social nature of humans.
Adler was the first to use group methods in a systematic way.
We create our own view of life, self and other people. From that view we create short and long term goals that guide our behavior and development.
Adler: self -determination and and consciousness. We are NOT the victims of fate…we have choices.
Adler: We develop our uniqueness early in childhood and is basically designed to compensate for and overcome inferiority.
- Understand the whole person in the context of their enviroment
- Behavior is basically socially driven…trying to find out fit…our way
- Phenomenological orientation: how we subjectively perceive our world
- Within a framework of limitation, we can do whatever we want
- We must complete 3 life tasks: building friendships (social), establish intimacy (love marriage), and contribute to society (occupational)
- In moving from an inferior position to a desired superior position, we find ways to take control of the forces in our life instead of them controlling us
- GREAT emphasis on the family…birth order, age of siblings, parents age, issues,
- Our style of life is basically formed by age 6
Counselors are quite active…creating structure, acceptance, confrontation, involvement, helping set goals, conduct assessments, offer interpretations
Early life is looked at, but it’s not the focus as in analytic. A thorough social history is used.
Early recollections help determine what is important to a client. “one time I…” instead of memories about what one’s mother did, for example
Miracle type questions are used
Adlerian therapy lends itself to brief therapy. Time limitation convey to clients that change will occur in a short amount of time.
Adlerian is well-suited for multicultural applications because it tries to understand individuals within social contexts
May not be best for collectivist cultures because of the emphasis on individuality.